Collapse of Civilization c.1180 BC




  1. Data concerning the pollen-count in soil from a sites on Cyprus and in and Syria reveal a dramatic drop in pollen between the years 1200-900 BC.
  2. Excavations of the city of Ugarit show that the city was burned with the destruction level reaching a depth of 6ft in places. Numerous arrowheads were found scattered throughout the ruins. Excavators found numerous hordes of precious gold and iron objects buried amidst the ruins.
  3. Many cities of the Near East that collapsed during the period show no signs of warfare or destruction caused from invasions. They simply ceased to be inhabited.

C]     Oxygen-isotop data from mineral deposits in Israel indicate low annual precipitation.

D]     Skeletons found in several Mycenaean cities indicate that these people died by being crushed under fallen stones and walls. Most cities from the Greek mainland were destroyed by 1180 BC in massive fires.

D]     Sediment cores from the Mediterranean Sea reveal a drop in the surface temperature of the water c.1300 BC.

E]     Pollen cores from Greece reveal that plants were adapting to a more arid environment.


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