Persian Wars timeline

  • 722 BC – Assyria conquers the northern Kingdom of Israel
  • 586 BC – Babylonians conquer the southern Kingdom of Judah
  • 559 BC – beginning of the reign of Cyrus the Great
  • c.555 BC – Peloponnesian League formed
  • 546 BC – Lydia conquered by the Persians
  • 539 BC – Cyrus conquers Babylon
  • 525 BC – Cambyses conquers Egypt
  • 513 BC – Persians cross the Hellespont and enter Europe for first time
  • c.510 BC – Athens expels Hippias creating world’s first democracy
  • 501 BC – Aegina medizes
  • 499 BC – Ionian Revolt begins in Miletus
  • 498 BC – Sardis burned to the ground by an Athenian army
  • 494 BC – Persians reconquer Miletus (ending the Ionian Revolt)
  • 492 BC – Darius’ first attempted invasion of Greece
  • 490 BC – Battle of Marathon
  • 483 BC – Council of Corinth
  • 483 BC – Discovery of silver at Larium
  • 480 BC – Battles of Thermopylae/Artemesium/Salamis
  • 479 BC – Battles of Plataea and Mycale
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